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NCJ Number: 144278 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Author(s): D J Champion
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
Pittsburgh, PA 15203-2363
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This longitudinal study examined attorney involvement by juvenile offenders and whether attorneys seem to make a difference in how juvenile cases are concluded. Complete data sets were collected by the National Center for Juvenile Justice from juvenile courts in California, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania.
Abstract: The first phase of the research showed aggregate trends and described the degree of attorney involvement for all juveniles, across all years, and for all five States combined. The second phase involved a State-by-State analysis of the same data. The findings showed that the proportion of property offenses alleged in petitioned cases has decreased between 1980 and 1989, while the proportion of drug offenses increased and the proportion of public order and status offenses varied widely from State to State. The largest referral for all jurisdictions among the petitioned cases was law enforcement; the smallest referral source was schools. The proportionate use of private counsel over time has remained constant in most States (about 16 percent of the cases) or decreased slightly. The States vary in their use of probation over time; for most States, the use of probation has increased. The proportion of cases involving white defendants has declined in all States over time. The findings show that using a private attorney in juvenile cases resulted in fewer placements, greater use of probation, and a slightly higher proportion of release. 8 tables, 18 figures, and 3 appendixes
Main Term(s): Defense counsel effectiveness; Juvenile case disposition
Index Term(s): Juvenile probation statistics; Juveniles; Longitudinal studies; State-by-state analyses
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