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NCJ Number: 146909 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Author(s): C M Fleming; S M Manson; C Duclos; A Castillo; F Beauvais; G Cornell; J M Kramer; C Lujan; P A May; V C Montoya; J E Trimble
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 108
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Publication Number: (ADM)90-1705
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

US Dept of Health and Human Services
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD 20857
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report reviews the literature on substance abuse prevention initiatives and summarizes 16 demonstration grants funded by the Office of Substance Abuse Prevention (OSAP) that provide promising alcohol and other drug prevention models for working with American Indian and Alaska native youth.
Abstract: Although alcohol and other drug use has declined among American Indian and Alaska native youth, Indian youth use drugs with greater frequency than non-Indians; this is particularly true for alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants. Few satisfactory explanations have been offered to account for the higher drug use rate among Indian youth, but factors such as poverty, prejudice, and lack of socioeconomic and educational opportunities play a role. The literature review focuses on programs with historical significance, pregnancy and early child care, youth in foster care, Indian boarding school and public school populations, community-based and residential programs for youth, cultural enhancement for youth in the community, programs in behavioral health clinics, and intervention program planning. With respect to the 16 demonstration programs, most employed primary prevention strategies and approaches; secondary-level strategies mainly incorporated assessment and referral, individual and group therapy, and self-help groups. Five of the 16 programs were comprehensive, providing primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention techniques. A telephone survey of the 16 programs indicated that poor self-esteem and parental alcoholism were the most significant risk factors in youth substance abuse. This survey also found that 63 percent of the programs were community-based, 87 percent targeted reservation communities, and all but one of the programs were based to some extent on aspects of the Indian culture. Appendixes provide further information on the demonstration programs and drug use prevention activities, as well as the telephone survey form. 92 references, 16 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Alaska; American Indians; Drug prevention programs; Juvenile drug abusers; Marijuana; Model programs; Underage Drinking
Note: OSAP Technical Report-3
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