skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 155437 Find in a Library
Title: Boot Camps for Young Offenders
Corporate Author: Penal Affairs Consortium
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Penal Affairs Consortium
London, SW9 0PU, United Kingdom
Sale Source: Penal Affairs Consortium
169 Clapham Road
London, SW9 0PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This analysis of research on shock incarceration programs and similar programs in the United Kingdom and the United States concludes that these programs focusing on a "short sharp shock" have not reduced recidivism.
Abstract: These detention center regimes of the early 1980's were the most clearcut failure in recent British penal policy. Government research revealed that they did nothing to reduce offending on release and that they had no discernible deterrent effect on rates of youth crime generally. The United States experience to date indicates similar results. The United States experience indicates that the militaristic aspects of the boot camp programs make no contribution to preventing further offending; however, constructive elements such as education, training, counseling, and drug treatment can help to do so. Making inmates move from one physical task to another on the double, undergo constant verbal abuse, and take part in repeated drills and inspections may persuade the gullible that something is being done about crime, but it will do nothing to prevent juvenile delinquency and youthful offending. The best approach to reducing recidivism is the provision of high-quality programs of education, training, drug treatment, and focused work to change attitudes and behavior.
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Shock incarceration programs; United Kingdom (UK); United States of America; Youthful offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.