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NCJ Number: 159577 Find in a Library
Title: Juveniles and Violence: Is There an Epidemic and What Can Be Done?
Author(s): D M Altschuler
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD 21218
Sale Source: Johns Hopkins University
Institute for Policy Studies
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Even though most arrests nationwide for serious violent crime involve young adults and not juveniles, the problem of juvenile violence deserves serious attention.
Abstract: In 1992, 82 percent of violent crime arrests involved persons 18 years of age or older. Of juvenile arrests the same year, about 6 percent were for the violent index crimes of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. The number of juvenile cases transferred to criminal court and the use of incarceration in juvenile facilities have increased in response to juvenile violence and other forms of juvenile crime. Most arrested juveniles, however, are charged with nonviolent offenses, and the impact of incarceration and waiver on juvenile offenders is evaluated in terms of three basic challenges: (1) it is difficult to successfully punish, deter, and treat incarcerated juvenile offenders in large facilities that operate over capacity; (2) large facilities often fall prey to an institutional culture in which success measures relate only to compliance with the institution's rules and norms; and (3) complexity and fragmentation in the juvenile justice system work against juvenile reintegration. The need to reform juvenile incarceration and aftercare practices and to monitor the cost- effectiveness of secure confinement and aftercare is stressed. The author concludes that, although juvenile crime does not constitute an epidemic, it is an extremely serious problem that must be addressed realistically. 57 references and 16 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Criminology; Juvenile courts; Juvenile detention; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile reintegration; Violent crimes; Violent juvenile offenders
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