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NCJ Number: 160664 Find in a Library
Title: Young Offenders and the Glasshouse
Corporate Author: Penal Affairs Consortium
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Penal Affairs Consortium
London, SW9 0PU, United Kingdom
Sale Source: Penal Affairs Consortium
169 Clapham Road
London, SW9 0PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This analysis of the 1995 proposal by Great Britain's Home Office to place civilian young offenders in the Military Corrective Training Center (MCTC) in Colchester, England concludes that a shock incarceration program is inappropriate for these offenders and is unlikely to reduce recidivism.
Abstract: A 1994 evaluation of shock incarceration programs in eight States in the United States revealed that boot camps did not reduce recidivism in comparison with similar offenders handled in other ways and that the State with the most militaristic regime had the highest recidivism rates. The research concluded that the military atmosphere did not appear to reduce recidivism. In Great Britain, the cost of planning, setting up, and operating a unit for civilian young offenders within the MCTC will be substantial. Such an action is a misuse of resources, particularly at a time when reductions in the unit costs of correctional establishments are leading to cuts in prison education and in programs to reduce recidivism. The best approach to prevent further crime among youthful offenders is to provide quality education, training, alcohol and drug treatment, and highly focused efforts to change attitudes toward crime. Wherever possible, these programs should be provided as part of community supervision programs. When custodial sentences are imposed on young offenders, these elements should form a central part of the program of juvenile correctional institutions. This approach is far more likely to reduce recidivism than are military routines and drills.
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; England; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Shock incarceration programs; Wales; Youthful offenders
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