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NCJ Number: 162712 Find in a Library
Title: Jailing of American Indian Adolescents: The Legacy of Cultural Domination and Imposed Law
Journal: Crime, Law and Social Change  Volume:23  Issue:1  Dated:(1995)  Pages:1-16
Author(s): L Bond-Maupin; C C Lujan; M A Bortner
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: Using a random sample of 300 youths detained prior to trial in a southwestern Indian community, this study analyzed the pretrial incarceration of American Indian adolescents and explored similarities between the detention of adolescents in the Indian community and the detention of adolescents nationwide.
Abstract: The analysis was based on 116 case histories from a random sample of 300 adolescents incarcerated between January 1, 1987, and May 1, 1988 and on observations of juvenile detention center operations and a review of Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) policies and practices. The study focused on minimizing the potentially deleterious effects of incarcerating adolescents and the detention of minor offenders. It also emphasized differences between the detention of adolescents in the Indian community and the detention of adolescents nationwide. Findings revealed a much higher rate of detention and recidivism on the Indian reservation, a multiplicity of legal jurisdictions to which Indian adolescents were subjected, detention facility administration by BIA personnel with minimal training in adolescent services, the unique power of BIA police to determine who would be initially detained, and an extreme lack of alternative resources for adolescents and families within the Indian community. The development of relevant alternatives to juvenile detention is recommended. 42 notes and references and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; American Indians; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Juvenile detention; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile Recidivism
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