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NCJ Number: 168141 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Native American Delinquency: An Overview of Prevalence, Causes, and Correlates (From Native Americans, Crime, and Justice, P 75-88, 1996, Marianne O Nielsen and Robert A Silverman, eds. -- See NCJ-168132)
Author(s): T L Armstrong; M H Guilfoyle; A P Melton
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Westview Press, Inc
Boulder, CO 80301
Contract Number: OJP-91-M-246
Sale Source: Westview Press, Inc
Marketing Director
5500 Central Avenue
Boulder, CO 80301
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After profiling juvenile delinquency among Native Americans, this chapter discusses the causes and correlates of Native American delinquency.
Abstract: The most current profiles of crime, delinquency, arrest, prosecution, and incarceration among Native American youth and adults show a grim picture. Although virtually no methodologically sound studies have focused on the rates of delinquency among Indian juvenile offenders over the past decade, available information suggests an alarming trend; for example, in making recommendations to Congress regarding the reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, the National Task Force on Juvenile Justice for Native Americans and Alaska Natives (1987) stated that the rates of serious crimes against persons committed by juveniles are three times higher in Indian Country than in the general juvenile population of the United States. Robert Silverman, however, suggests that prior assertions of crime rates among Native Americans have been based on seriously flawed information. The Working Group for the Native American Community-Based Alternatives for Adjudicated Youth Initiative noted in its Concept Paper (1991) that a number of factors can be readily identified as contributing to the legacy of crime and delinquency among American Indians on reservations. This group suggested that among the critical factors were poverty, lack of education, chronic unemployment, substance abuse, marital and family disruption and violence, loss of cultural identity, over-reliance on aggression to resolve disputes, and an inability/reluctance to assimilate into mainstream American society. This range of factors is consistent with the large set of variables identified in studies over the past 25 years that have attempted to explain the disproportionate rate of crime and delinquency on American Indian reservations. 1 table
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): American Indians; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency factors
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