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NCJ Number: 168460 Find in a Library
Title: RECLAIM Ohio: A Politically Viable Alternative to Treating Youthful Felony Offenders
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:43  Issue:4  Dated:(October 1997)  Pages:438-456
Author(s): M M Moon; B K Applegate; E J Latessa
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 19
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses the goals of Ohio's RECLAIM program (Reasoned and Equitable Community and Local Alternative to the Incarceration of Minors), which seeks to reduce juvenile commitments to institutions and to increase the use of community- based alternatives; how it operates and some key findings from an assessment of the pilot year are also discussed.
Abstract: Because of severe overcrowding in its institutions, Ohio devised a way of motivating counties not to send juveniles to State facilities. Before RECLAIM was implemented, counties were able to send an unlimited number of juveniles to institutions without any fiscal repercussions; the State, not the individual counties, paid all incarceration costs. RECLAIM pools all Department of Youth Services funds, and counties are now charged for each juvenile they commit to an institution. Also, the State provides funding for counties to develop and operate their own community-based programs. The pilot phase of the program, which began in 1993, has allowed selected counties to begin the RECLAIM program 1 year before it was to be implemented statewide in January 1995. The assessment of the program's pilot phase focused on whether the pilot counties reduced commitments to institutions compared to a group of non-pilot counties and whether the pilot counties were able to provide community-based programs for their youths. The findings show progress in achieving both of these goals. 3 figures, 2 tables, 10 notes, and 28 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile sentencing
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Ohio; Prison overcrowding
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