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NCJ Number: 169454 Find in a Library
Title: Why an Offender-Based Tracking System Is Needed for Studying Juvenile Crime
Journal: Compiler  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:(October 1997)  Pages:9-10
Author(s): M Myrent
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 2
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The absence of an offender-based tracking system for juveniles or adults in Illinois limits the ability of researchers and policymakers to answer basic questions about how the justice system responds to various types of juvenile crimes and juvenile offenders.
Abstract: One of the most glaring gaps in available data involves the simple tabulation of offenses committed by juveniles. Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) offenses data do not distinguish crimes committed by juveniles from those committed by adults. UCR arrest data also are a limited source of information on juveniles apprehended by police, since police agencies must decide what level of contact with a minor constitutes an "arrest." Statewide prosecution and court case data pertaining to juvenile offenders also have some significant gaps. The most detailed statistics on juvenile offenders pertain to their detention and incarceration. The Juvenile Monitoring Information System contains case-level information on minors placed in juvenile detention centers and in county jails in Illinois. A relatively unexplored source of information on juvenile offenders in Illinois is the Illinois State Police's Computerized Criminal History (CCH) system. This system collects individual case-level data on criminal offenders from law enforcement, prosecution, courts, and corrections and comes closest to the concept of an offender-based tracking system. The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority and the Illinois State Police are working together on several initiatives that are expected to improve the quality of criminal history records.
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice information systems
Index Term(s): Case processing; Illinois; Juvenile statistics; Offender-based transaction statistics
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