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NCJ Number: 170418 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Who Gets Arrested? Models of the Frequency of Arrest of the Young, Chronic, Serious Offender
Author(s): R L Linster; P K Lattimore; J M MacDonald; C A Visher
Corporate Author: California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 62
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of the Youth Authority
Sacramento, CA 95823
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-IJ-CX-0022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents the methodology and findings of an analysis of the postrelease offending patterns of two cohorts of male youth paroled by the California Youth Authority in 1981-82 and 1986-87.
Abstract: The focus of the analysis is the frequency of arrest during two periods: the first year following release and the second and third years following release. Negative binomial models were used to examine the relationships among a variety of factors that have been linked to offending. Results from the models show distinct differences in the characteristics of those predicted by the models to have low expected rates of arrests compared to those predicted to have high arrest rates. During model year 1, those older at release had a higher expected arrest frequency than an otherwise identical younger releasee; this difference disappeared in model years 2 and 3, when researchers were able to drop age at release from the model. Other variables traditionally associated with criminal recidivism also were observed to have the expected effects. The models suggested greater arrest frequencies (other things being equal) for those with more extensive arrest histories, for those for whom there was evidence of institutional violence, institutional gang activity, and drug abuse. Evidence of problems with alcohol was associated with lower rates of offending. Implications of the findings for policy and future research are discussed. 24 references, 6 tables and appended mathematical relations used in the study and final model forms used in analyses
Main Term(s): Juvenile Recidivism
Index Term(s): California; NIJ grant-related documents; Recidivism causes; Recidivism statistics; Serious juvenile offenders
Note: NIJ Working Paper 96-03.
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