skip navigation

LIBRARY

Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 173669 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrence and Homeless Male Street Youths
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:40  Issue:1  Dated:January 1998  Pages:27-60
Author(s): S W Baron; L W Kennedy
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 34
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study explored the effects of the threat of formal punishment on the criminal behavior of homeless male street youth in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, with particular emphasis on how these effects were shaped by living conditions and other lifestyle factors.
Abstract: Interview data were collected in May-July 1995 and focused on serious property crimes and violent offenses. Information on dependent variables, several measures of criminal involvement, was obtained through self-reports. Independent variables included formal sanctions and informal control. Findings revealed many street youth feared legal sanctions but more serious offenders did not. Instead, fear of punishment was reduced by poverty, drug use, association with criminal peers, and missing normative constraints. Serious street youth offenders were immersed in a lifestyle in which crime, drugs, and criminal peers fed off each other and isolated these offenders from conventional society. Poverty, homelessness, peer support, and conventional commitments influenced perceptions of threatened formal sanctions but did not exhibit any direct effects on crime. The authors suggest traditional models of deterrence must be re-examined when dealing with at-risk groups. 81 references, 7 notes, 3 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): Canada; Deterrence; Economic influences; Foreign crime prevention; Homeless children; Homeless offenders; Juvenile crime control; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Peer influences on behavior; Poverty and crime; Self-report studies; Serious juvenile offenders; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=173669

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.