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NCJ Number: 173689 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Defense in Rural Alaska; Juvenile Referrals: An In-Depth Look
Journal: Alaska Justice Forum  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:Spring 1998  Pages: -
Author(s): R King; N E Schafer
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The first of these two articles examines structural aspects of the criminal justice system in rural Alaska which may contribute to the overrepresentation of Alaska Natives in the State's prisons. The second article presents statistics and discussion of racial disproportionality in juvenile referrals in Alaska.
Abstract: While Alaska Natives are only 16 percent of the overall population of the State and only 12 percent of the adult population, Alaska Department of Corrections statistics indicate that approximately 34 percent of the current population in Alaska prisons is Alaska Native. Lengthy referral histories may be associated with age at first referral and with location at first referral. In addition, the family and living situations of the 33 multiple offenders studied for the first article were particularly unstable. Some of the practical problems addressed in these articles could be alleviated by changes in the Alaska criminal justice system, specifically: return to the community level prosecution of minor misdemeanors and allow tribal courts and councils to adjudicate minor offenses and provide follow-up. Such procedures would integrate community values into the system and would be more likely to succeed than the current system. Table, figures
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Alaska; Criminal justice system reform; Cultural influences; Eskimos; Ethnic groups; Minority juvenile offenders; Minority overrepresentation; Sociological analyses; State criminal justice systems; Statistics
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