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NCJ Number: 175427 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: OERI Native American Youth At Risk Study
Author(s): A S Clarke
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 183
Sponsoring Agency: Eric Document Reproduction Service
Arlington, VA 22210
US Dept of Education
Washington, DC 20208
Sale Source: Eric Document Reproduction Service
P. O. Box 190
Arlington, VA 22210
United States of America

US Dept of Education
Office of Educational Research and Improvement
555 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20208
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines personal, cultural, school, and family factors that contribute to the decision of American Indian students to remain in school until graduation or to drop out.
Abstract: A 140-item questionnaire, the Native American School Study, was completed by 165 participants who had either graduated or dropped out of school during 1989-91. Respondents lived on reservations in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota. In addition, 76 graduates and 37 dropouts were interviewed at length. Factors examined in the questionnaire and interview included substance abuse by self or family members, peer pressure, trouble with the law, self-esteem, teen pregnancy, family structure, socioeconomic status, parent education, academic achievement, teacher attitudes and expectations, school attendance, abuse by school personnel, tribal self-identity and pride, discrimination and racism, and bilingualism. Results indicate that respondents who dropped out of school demonstrated significant differences from graduates regarding self-esteem, frequency of skipping school, teacher expectations and attitudes, and grade retention. During interviews, the themes of poverty, self-esteem, and teacher attitudes repeatedly surfaced. Graduates frequently reported that family expectations (particularly those of the mother and grandmother) kept them in school. This report contains a lengthy literature review; recommendations to educators, policy makers, parents, and Native-American communities; and many references in endnotes.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): American Indians; Juvenile delinquency prevention; School dropouts
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