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NCJ Number: 176601 Find in a Library
Title: American Juvenile Justice: Cases, Legislation and Comments; College Edition
Author(s): C Dorne; K Gewerth
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 263
Sponsoring Agency: Austin and Winfield, Publishers
Bethesda, MD 20814
Publication Number: ISBN 1-57292-100-5
Sale Source: Austin and Winfield, Publishers
Marketing Director
7831 Woodmont #345
Bethesda, MD 20814
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The goal of this text is to provide undergraduate university students with an overview of the American juvenile justice system, with a focus on judicial review (appellate cases).
Abstract: The first chapter provides a macro-historical orientation that covers the past 150 years. It profiles the classical model of human nature and the common law status of children, followed by a description of the early 19th century House of Refuge Movement, which provided an alternative form of confinement for juveniles. Court challenges to the House of Refuge Movement are also reviewed, including the use of habeas corpus petitions to challenge the confinement of children. A review of mid-19th century changes addresses the failure of the Houses of Refuge, the rise of determinism, psychiatry, and the invention of childhood. An overview of the creation of the juvenile courts considers the elements of the 1899 Illinois Juvenile Court Act and the unique operation and structure of the juvenile court. Four chapters present cases and comments on police, court, and correctional agencies. The chapter on police addresses the law enforcement role in relation to juveniles, juvenile arrest procedures, advising juveniles of their rights, and ways to improve police-juvenile relations. A chapter on the pre- adjudicatory phase of juvenile processing considers diversion, detention, and the transfer of juvenile offenders to adult courts. A chapter on the adjudicatory stages of the juvenile justice process is followed by a chapter on the disposition and treatment of adjudicated juvenile offenders. The concluding chapter reviews the implications of cases pertinent to the application of the death penalty for juvenile murderers. A subject index and chapter notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice system
Index Term(s): History of juvenile justice; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile capital punishment; Juvenile case disposition; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile detention; Juvenile diversion programs; Juvenile murderers; Police juvenile relations
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=176601

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