skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 176818 Find in a Library
Title: Closing Institutions for Juvenile Offenders: The Maryland Experience
Author(s): D C Gottfredson; W H Barton
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 200
Sponsoring Agency: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Baltimore, MD 21202
Edwin Mellen Press
Lewiston, NY 14090-0450
Publication Number: ISBN 0-7734-8428-0
Sale Source: Edwin Mellen Press
Marketing Manager
415 Ridge Street
P.O. Box 450
Lewiston, NY 14090-0450
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book examines the impact of closing one institution for juvenile offenders and offers a model for responding to problems of criminal behavior by juveniles.
Abstract: A study compared individuals released to the community early because of a facility closing with the situation that would have existed had they remained in the institution. Recidivism was slightly higher during the time individuals would have been incarcerated and after that time for those who were released. The book discusses these findings and a broader body of research on causation of delinquency and effective intervention in connection with arguments in support of a comprehensive and multifaceted approach to juvenile delinquency. While incarceration may be required for some small numbers of serious and violent juvenile offenders, it will be effective only if it is done in combination with early, effective prevention and intervention programs with high-risk youths, community programs for youths who are beginning to become involved in delinquency and residential programs with appropriate treatments and follow up for youths whose behavior and conditions suggest that they need residential placement. For community programs to be effective for emerging delinquents and for those released from institutions, they must be intense and have varying levels of restrictiveness and program content. Figures, tables, notes, appendix, references, index
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile treatment methods; Maryland
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.