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NCJ Number: 177053 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Association Between Hyperactivity and Executive Cognitive Functioning in Childhood and Substance Use in Early Adolescence
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:38  Issue:2  Dated:February 1999  Pages:172-178
Author(s): S Aytaclar; R E Tarter; L Kirisci; S Lu
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA 05605
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on a study of the association between hyperactivity and executive cognitive functioning in childhood and substance use in early adolescence.
Abstract: A high-risk (HR) group of adolescents having fathers with a lifetime diagnosis of a psychoactive substance abuse disorder was compared with a low-average-risk (LAR) group whose fathers did not have psychoactive substance abuse disorder. Executive cognitive functioning (ECF) and behavioral activity were measured using neuropsychological tests, activity monitor, diagnostic interview, and informant ratings when the subjects were 10 to 12 years of age. Alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use was measured at 2-year follow-up. At baseline, the HR group had a significantly higher behavioral activity level and poorer performance on ECF tests. By early adolescence, HR subjects had a higher lifetime rate of tobacco and cannabis use and earlier age at onset of cannabis use. ECF capacity, but not behavioral activity level, predicted tobacco and cannabis use, total number of drugs ever tried, and severity of drug involvement. ECF accounted for additional variance beyond the effects of conduct problems on these outcomes. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency; Adolescents at risk; Controlled Substances; Hyperactive children; Marijuana; Parental influence; Problem behavior; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking
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