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NCJ Number: 178216 Find in a Library
Title: Epidemic of Youth Gun Violence
Journal: Alternatives to Incarceration  Volume:5  Issue:3  Dated:May/June 1999  Pages:15-18
Author(s): Phillip Cook Ph.D.
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The epidemic of youth gun violence is explained in terms of the character of young people involved and in terms of the context in which young people operate.
Abstract: Between 1985 and 1993, youth homicide victimization rates in the United States increased more than other violent crime rates. The homicide victimization rate for young people between 15 and 24 years of age doubled, while the rate for persons between 25 and 34 years of age increased by 18 percent and the rate for those older than 34 years actually decreased. The epidemic was almost entirely confined to minorities and within minority groups males were affected much more than females. The homicide victimization rate for black male victims between 13 and 17 years of age more than tripled and the rate at which black males in this age group committed homicides more than quadrupled. The youth homicide epidemic may be the result of a change in the character of young people and the lack of a healthy adult presence in children's lives. The youth homicide epidemic may also be related to a change in the context in which children live. Another significant factor in youth violence involves the increasing availability of guns. Finding ways to separate violent youth from their guns has been and will continue to be part of the solution to deal with youth violence, and a multipronged effort to reduce the criminal use of guns is warranted. 1 photograph
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Firearm-crime relationships; Homicide causes; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile victims; Minority juvenile offenders; United States of America; Victims of violent crime; Violence causes; Violence prevention; Weapons violations
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