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NCJ Number: 180692 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Posttraumatic Stress in Children Exposed to Family Violence and Single-Event Trauma
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:39  Issue:1  Dated:January 2000  Pages:108-115
Author(s): Laura Ann McCloskey Ph.D.; Marla Walker M.A.
Date Published: January 2000
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr on Child Abuse and Neglect
McLean, VA 22102
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reports on a study that examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other comorbid forms of psychopathology in a sample of children exposed to chronic abuse and single-event trauma.
Abstract: School-age children (n=337) were assessed for exposure to traumatic events (family violence, violent crime, death or illness of someone close to the child, and accidents) and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Children and mothers received structured diagnostic interviews to assess child psychopathology. Children from violent households were no more likely to report an extrafamilial traumatic stressor than children from nonviolent homes. Among the children reporting a traumatic event, 24.6 percent met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD. The leading precipitating event for PTSD symptoms was death or illness of someone close to the child (log odds = 4.3). Family violence, violent crime, but not accidents also resulted in PTSD. Children with PTSD displayed comorbidity across different symptom classes, most notably phobias and separation anxiety. The study concluded that both type I and type II trauma can result in PTSD in about one-quarter of children. Children with posttraumatic stress symptoms had many other forms of comorbid psychopathology, indicating a global and diffuse impact of trauma on children. 3 tables and 23 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile mental health services
Index Term(s): Emotional disorders; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Psychological victimization effects; Violence
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