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NCJ Number: 180818 Find in a Library
Title: Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Facilities
Journal: Juvenile Suicide/Mental Health Update  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:Summer 1999  Pages:1-12
Author(s): Lindsay M. Hayes
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 12
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the prevalence of juvenile suicide in custody, the factors involved, and what has been done and should be done to address this critical problem.
Abstract: Although there is no current national data on the incidence of youth suicide while in custody, there is information available to suggest a high prevalence of suicidal behavior in juvenile correctional facilities. The research on juvenile suicide in custody suggests that confined youth may be more vulnerable to suicidal behavior based on current and/or prior suicidal ideation. Studies have found that incarcerated youth with either major affective disorders or borderline personality disorders had a higher degree of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts than adolescents in the general population. Research has also found that a high percentage of detained youth reported a prior history of suicide attempts, current and active suicidal behavior, and prior history of psychiatric hospitalization. A number of juvenile correctional facilities have adopted suicide prevention policies that have effectively reduced resident suicides. Such policies are typically based on the following principles: screening; psychological support; close observation; removal of dangerous items; clear and consistent procedures; and diagnosis, treatment, and transfer of suicidal inmates to the hospital as necessary. This article describes the following components of a suicide prevention program: staff training, intake screening/assessment, communication, housing, levels of supervision, intervention, reporting, and follow-up/mortality review. The case history of suicide contagion in a juvenile correctional facility is presented, and current plans for a national survey of juvenile suicide in confinement are briefly described. 1 table and 44 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Corrections management; Inmate suicide; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile inmates; Juvenile suicide; Suicide causes; Suicide prevention
Note: A previous version of this article appeared as "Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Correction and Detention Facilities: A Resource Guide."
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