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NCJ Number: 181364 Find in a Library
Title: Locking Up the Problem (From Reforming Juvenile Justice: Reasons and Strategies for the 21st Century, 1998, P 94-103, Dan Macallair and Vincent Schiraldi, eds. -- See NCJ-181359)
Author(s): Michael A. Kroll
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
Dubuque, IA 52004
Sale Source: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
4050 Westmark Drive
P.O. Box 1840
Dubuque, IA 52004
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The prevailing juvenile justice policy of incarceration rather than rehabilitation has led to the incarceration of nearly 9,000 youths ages 12-25 years in California Youth Authority (CYA) facilities, an emphasis on control and regimentation, minimal treatment programs, and extensive gang activity and fighting in the overcrowded facilities.
Abstract: The number of CYA wards has increased by 202 percent in the past 10 years. One correctional administrator comments that the CYA wards have all experienced some form of abuse. California's juvenile incarceration of 430 per 100,000 is the highest in the country. The State now spends more than $25,000 each year for each incarcerated child. State training schools now house populations that exceed their designed capacity by more than 50 percent. The parole board came under the direct control of the governor in 1980 and has systematically increased the average length of stay from 13.5 months to 19.7 months. Youth in the correctional facilities regularly experience gangs, sexual pressure, and violence. Crowding also negatively affects the correctional personnel, who experience depression, fatigue, and physical illness. Overcrowding also jeopardizes the few rehabilitation and therapy programs that struggle to survive. Other States experiencing the same crisis have shortened juvenile sentences, but the CYA has proposed more facility construction. CYA officials state that elected officials will not change the policies until the public demands it; a class action lawsuit could achieve this result. Another State's corrections official comments that youthful offenders need respect and the decent use of power and not the indecent handling and brutality that only confirm their negative attitudes.
Main Term(s): Effects of juvenile imprisonment
Index Term(s): California; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Institutional violence; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile detention; Juvenile inmate misconduct; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile offender attitudes; Juvenile sentencing; Juvenile/corrections staff relations; Overcrowding effects; State juvenile justice systems
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