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NCJ Number: 181368 Find in a Library
Title: What Works with Juvenile Offenders: The Massachusetts Experiment (From Reforming Juvenile Justice: Reasons and Strategies for the 21st Century, 1998, P 173-196, Dan Macallair and Vincent Schiraldi, eds. -- See NCJ-181359)
Author(s): Barry Krisberg; James Austin
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
Dubuque, IA 52004
Sale Source: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
4050 Westmark Drive
P.O. Box 1840
Dubuque, IA 52004
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The juvenile correctional reforms that Massachusetts initiated in the early 1970's have results in a State juvenile correctional system that is increasingly becoming the standard of care for juvenile offenders and that many other jurisdictions are examining and establishing.
Abstract: Massachusetts removed nearly 1,000 juveniles from State training schools, closed the schools, and placed the youths in a diverse array of community programs. State and Federal agencies had severely castigated the State training schools for abusive and inadequate treatment programs. Legislative hearings revealed major breakdowns in management and operations. The initial response was agency reorganization; Jerome Miller was hired as commissioner to do the job. Four subsequent commissioners of the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services succeeded in consolidating the dramatic Massachusetts reforms. Several important refinements have occurred in the original reforms. However, the vast majority of Massachusetts juvenile justice professionals and children's advocates remain committed to the goals and philosophy set forth by Jerome Miller. The Massachusetts system is no longer an experiment due to its 20 years of successful experience with community-based juvenile corrections. The hallmark of Massachusetts programs is their small size; Massachusetts also uses secure confinement in a unique and cost-effective manner compared to other corrections systems. The success of the Massachusetts experience has influenced juvenile justice reforms in Utah, Missouri, Maryland, and other States. Figures, tables, and reference notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional reform
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile detention; Juvenile detention standards; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile rehabilitation; Massachusetts; State juvenile justice systems
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