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NCJ Number: 181574 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Life Events, Neighborhood Stress, Psychosocial Functioning, and Alcohol Use Among Urban Minority Youth
Journal: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:1999  Pages:19-50
Author(s): Lawrence M. Scheier; Gilbert J. Botvin; Nicole L. Miller
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: P50DA-7656;R29-DA08909-01;
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined personal life events and neighborhood stress as determinants of alcohol use among urban, minority youths attending five public middle schools in a major northeastern city.
Abstract: Personal events included disruptive and beneficial life experiences, whereas neighborhood stress related to gang involvement and perceived neighborhood toughness. The survey received responses from 82 percent of the total enrollment of 1,731 students. The research developed analyses to examine the elements of several crucial measures of psychosocial functioning to moderate relations between life events, neighborhood stress, and alcohol use. Results revealed that positive outcomes (e.g., family communication) and internal health locus of control buffered the effects of negative life events on alcohol use. In addition, high levels of absenteeism from school exacerbated the effects of neighborhood stress on alcohol use. Moreover, both positive and negative life events and neighborhood stress uniquely predicted for alcohol use, controlling for risk, gender, and ethnicity. Findings suggested the need to extend current causal models to include stressful life events and contextual factors as predictors of early-stage alcohol use. Tables, figures, notes, and 86 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Drug abuse causes; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Minorities; Parent-Child Relations; Social conditions; Stress assessment
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