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NCJ Number: 181795 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Serious and Violent Native American Youthful Offender Project, Final Report
Corporate Author: New Mexico Council on Crime & Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 119
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
New Mexico Council on Crime & Delinquency
Albuquerque, NM 87103
Grant Number: 98-DD-BX--0024
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

New Mexico Council on Crime & Delinquency
P.O. Box 1842
Albuquerque, NM 87103
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report addresses the handling of serious and violent Native American juvenile offenders by Federal and State courts.
Abstract: Driving factors in the processing of Native American juvenile offenders through Federal and State systems are location of the offense, relative willingness of the U.S. attorney to accept a case for prosecution, limitations imposed on Courts of Indian Crimes to effectively sanction the juvenile offender, and tribal inability to access State resources through lack of comity and lack of full faith and credit toward tribal court orders. Judicial comity is the principle by which courts of one jurisdiction observe the laws and judicial decisions of another jurisdiction. During 1995, 468 juveniles were referred to Federal prosecutors for investigation, and 49 percent of these cases were declined for further action. In the same year, 122 juveniles were adjudicated as delinquent in Federal courts, 47 percent for either a violent or a drug-related offense. Of the total number of juvenile delinquents confined by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, 61 percent were Native Americans. In the New Mexico juvenile justice system, Native American young people comprise 7 percent of total state commitments for acts committed on non-Indian land. Except for New Mexico, which allows for full faith and credit of tribal court orders with respect to children's mental health and developmental disabilities, no other State has effectively addressed the problem of accessing state resources through mutual recognition of tribal court orders. Supplemental information on Native American juvenile offenders is appended. References and tables
Main Term(s): Minority juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): American Indians; BJA Grant-related Documents; Indian affairs; Indian justice; Juvenile crime control; Juvenile delinquency prevention; New Mexico; Serious juvenile offenders; Tribal court system; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders; Youthful offenders
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