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NCJ Number: 182050 Find in a Library
Title: Disparity Based on Sex: Is Gender-Specific Treatment Warranted?
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:March 2000  Pages:89-128
Author(s): Kimberly Kempf-Leonard; Lisa L. Sample
Date Published: March 2000
Page Count: 40
Sponsoring Agency: Missouri Dept of Public Safety
Jefferson City, MO 65102
Missouri Juvenile Justice Advisory Group
Jefferson City, MO
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper addresses gender-specific treatment in juvenile justice processing.
Abstract: This topic is controversial and includes many unresolved issues. To provide context, the article is related to lessons from an initiative to address disproportionate minority confinement, i.e., it is impossible to understand confinement without understanding the process by which youths are confined, structural and demographic traits facilitate the process and benevolent interventions can have unintended negative consequences. The article presents empirical findings that juvenile justice cases are “gendered,” but that court treatment of those cases shows more gender similarities than differences. In contrast, interviews with officials suggest large gender gaps in opportunities for services and indicate some gender biases. Bias and disparity also were themes among delinquent and “at-risk” girls who participated in focus groups; in addition, girls expressed preferences for treatment comparable to that given to boys. The article evaluates what has been advocated as female-specific programming and recommends how best to proceed. Notes, tables, references, cases cited, appendix
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Attitude measurement; Correctional staff management; Female juvenile delinquents; Female offenders; Females; Gender issues; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice research; Male female offender comparisons
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