skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 182911 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Trauma, Drugs and Violence Among Juvenile Offenders
Journal: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs  Volume:32  Issue:1  Dated:January-March 2000  Pages:43-54
Author(s): Susan M. Crimmins Ph.D.; Sean D. Cleary Ph.D.; Henry H. Brownstein Ph.D.; Barry J. Spunt Ph.D.; Raquel Maria Warley M.A.
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 1-RO1-DA087679-01
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study describes the nature and scope of trauma exposure that characterized the lives of 414 adolescents remanded to the New York State Office of Children and Family Services for a violent offense and reports on an analysis of the links between trauma and substance use/misuse and illegal violent activities.
Abstract: A disproportionate stratified sampling plan was used to ensure adequate representation of subjects in each violent offense category. Eighty-eight percent of the 414 subjects were male. Sociodemographic variables of race/ethnicity, age, last grade completed in school, and location at time of arrest were reported by the youths. Semistructured interviews were conducted to generate detailed quantitative and qualitative information about each respondent's life, with attention to family life and community characteristics, traumatic events, involvement with gangs and guns, drug use, illegal activities, and the violent offense for which the youth was remanded. Findings on the linkage of trauma to substance use apparently support the notion of a self-medicating tendency among these youths when experiencing severe trauma. Particularly striking is the strong association between trauma and cocaine use, despite the relatively lower prevalence of lifetime cocaine use (compared to tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana); however, the confidence intervals were also the widest, indicating a lack of precision in the estimates due to low prevalence of cocaine use. Results, therefore, must be interpreted with this in mind. Discussion of these findings, their implications for understanding and intervening, and recommendations for future research are highlighted. 63 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Drug Related Crime; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Violence causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.