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NCJ Number: 183622 Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing Children to Death (From States of Confinement: Policing, Detention, and Prisons, P 22-34, 2000, Joy James, ed. -- See NCJ-183621)
Author(s): Steven Hawkins
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: St. Martin's Press
New York, NY 10010
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The issue of youth crime and violence has risen in the Nation's consciousness due to the recent wave of gun-related fatalities committed in schools by young people, and some individuals advocate the use of capital punishment as a means of social redress for juvenile violence.
Abstract: The United States has the highest number of juveniles on death row in the world and has executed the largest number of juvenile offenders. All 70 young people currently under sentence of death are male. The typical child sent to death row is a 17-year-old black or Hispanic boy whose victim was a white adult. Nonetheless, international human rights instruments prohibit the death penalty for juveniles, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights, and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Historical aspects of the use of the death penalty against children in the United States are reviewed, as well as U.S. domestic law on the execution of juvenile offenders and ways of reducing youth violence. The author concludes that abolition of the death penalty for children in the United States is long overdue and that the emphasis instead should be on finding viable solutions to violent youth crime. 36 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile capital punishment
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Crime in schools; Hispanic Americans; History of juvenile justice; Human rights; International law; Juvenile crime control; Juvenile offenders; Minority juvenile offenders; Rights of minors; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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