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NCJ Number: 183625 Find in a Library
Title: New Black Leadership: Gang-Related? (From States of Confinement: Policing, Detention, and Prisons, P 85-93, 2000, Joy James, ed. -- See NCJ-183621)
Author(s): Salim Muwakkil
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: St. Martin's Press
New York, NY 10010
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A large demonstration was held in Chicago in 1993 to protest inadequate funding of Chicago's public schools; the crowd of about 10,000 protestors primarily involved black youth, and the police department claimed the demonstration was initiated and led by the Gangster Disciples (GDs), Chicago's largest street gang.
Abstract: Part of the strategy of the GD leader was to create a "legitimate" political arm by establishing a group called 21st Century VOTE (Voters Organized for Total Empowerment). It was this group that organized the demonstration, but police officials refused to grant any legitimacy to the group because of its GD affiliation. Even more important than the gang aspect, police officials acted in a discriminatory manner toward black youth participating in the demonstration. The author believes more effective ways need to be developed to reach black youth in inner cities who are traditionally attracted to street gangs. The goal should be to channel their energy into productive rather than criminal activities. 3 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Gang Prevention; Illinois; Juvenile crime control; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Male juvenile delinquents; Male offenders; Minority juvenile offenders
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