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NCJ Number: 184437 Find in a Library
Title: Journal of Criminal Justice
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2000  Pages:261-341
Editor(s): Kent B. Joscelyn
Date Published: July 2000
Page Count: 90
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This journal presents six research papers on recidivism among drinking-driving offenders, a treatment program for chronic drunk drivers, the reliability of a self-report instrument for juvenile delinquency, inmate-staff relations, and public attitudes toward the police.
Abstract: In addition, a book review focuses on shock incarceration programs. A study of 521 persons with prior arrests for driving under the influence of alcohol concluded that offenders’ alcohol problems and not the sanctions imposed were the strongest predictor of future recidivism. A 10-year follow-up evaluation of the Turning Point Program for treating chronic drunk drivers concluded that correctional policymakers and treatment planners should model new treatment programs after the approach taken by Turning Point and should modify existing programs to be at least somewhat congruent with its format. A survey of 775 recently released Texas inmates concluded that non-institutional factors such as race and age affect adjustment to imprisonment. A survey of residents of three neighborhoods in Washington, D.C. revealed little support for assigning mostly same-race officers to the neighborhoods and suggested that considerable support exists for a policy of deploying racially integrated teams of officers in black neighborhoods. A telephone survey of 251 residents of Odessa and Midland, Tex., who had had contact with the police sought to determine the impact of police contacts and language spoken on citizens’ attitudes toward police performance. Findings indicated that police should implement appropriate policies to create positive police-citizen contacts and to enhance police-minority relationships. The review of James Anderson’s 1999 book on boot camps concludes that this volume provides a useful overview of boot camps for those who want an introduction to correctional intervention, but that it is not an authoritative or comprehensive text. Tables and chapter notes and reference lists
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Drunk driver programs; Inmate attitudes; Inmate staff relations; Juvenile delinquency; Public Opinion of the Police; Self-report studies; Shock incarceration programs; Treatment effectiveness
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