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NCJ Number: 185731 Find in a Library
Title: Protective Factors Associated with Children's Emotional Responses to Chronic Community Violence Exposure
Journal: Trauma, Violence, and Abuse  Volume:1  Issue:4  Dated:October 2000  Pages:299-320
Author(s): Julie A. Morrison
Date Published: October 2000
Page Count: 22
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review aims to identify protective factors associated with children’s emotional responses to exposure to chronic community violence and to aid the design of preventive interventions.
Abstract: The analysis revealed that the proliferation of violence in society is a public health problem that has deleterious effects on emotional development. The emotional effects of children’s exposure to community violence include posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, aggression, and risk taking. Regarding community violence as one of many cumulative environmental risk factors to which children living in impoverished urban areas are likely to be exposed is likely to aid research efforts. Secondary preventive interventions should promote the development of coping skills and of social support at various levels: community/neighborhood, teacher/peer, and family. Current methodological problems include predetermining protective factors, the failure to consider cumulative risk/protective factors, poorly defined outcome measures, and inadequate research design. Goals for the future are to determine protective mechanisms by which social support and coping exert their protective effects and, more important, for various organizations to coordinate efforts to decrease the level of violence in society. Tables and 85 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child development; Child welfare; Children at risk; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile witnesses; Psychological victimization effects; Violence prevention; Youth development
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