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NCJ Number: 186045 Find in a Library
Title: Exposure to Violence and Victimization at School
Author(s): Daniel J. Flannery; Mark I. Singer
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Columbia University Teachers College
New York, NY 10027
Metropolitan Life Foundation
New York, NY 10010
Sale Source: Columbia University Teachers College
525 West 120th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This brief examines the impact of exposure to violence and victimization at school on the mental health, academic achievement, and social development of children and youth.
Abstract: Violent behavior exists along a continuum; what is considered violent for a 1st grader may differ from what is considered violent for a 12th grader. Violence includes the chronic harassment or bullying of young people and not just serious assault or homicide. Most school districts report in national surveys that violence at schools has worsened in the past several years and that physical assault is the most frequent form of violence. Bullying is one of the most common forms of victimization at school. Research has linked children’s exposure to violence to numerous emotional and behavioral consequences that they often display during the school day and that school personnel can recognize. These consequences include anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, low self-esteem, self-destructive behaviors, anger, and aggression. Prompt response is essential to helping ensure the proper emotional and behavioral development of children exposed to violence. Appropriate training and education of school personnel regarding risk factors and early warning signs are crucial. Students should be part of these ongoing educational efforts. School safety plans should include several other components as well. The challenge for schools in addressing children’s exposure to violence is to screen and intervene appropriately and not to overreact to every sign or event as an omen of imminent violence. 13 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Bullying; Crime in schools; Juvenile residential treatment centers; Juvenile witnesses; Psychological victimization effects; School health services; School security; Victim services
Note: Choices Briefs, No. 4
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