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NCJ Number: 186614 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Difficult Temperament, Parental Relationships, and Adolescent Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:2000  Pages:69-86
Author(s): Bryan D. Neighbors Ph.D.; Duncan B. Clark Ph.D.; John E. Donovan; Gene H. Brody Ph.D.
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt Ph.D.; Brad Donohue Ph.D.
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: P50 AA08746; R03 AA11014
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested the hypothesis that the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship would mediate the association between difficult temperament and alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms in a sample of 438 adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age and their mothers in Pittsburgh.
Abstract: Adolescent temperament was assessed using the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey, while the parent-adolescent relationship was assessed with the Friends and Family Questionnaire. Structured diagnostic interviews were used to evaluate AUD symptoms. A series of multiple regression analyses was performed to test the mediational model separately for males and females. For both genders, difficult temperament was a significant predictor of AUD symptoms and was negatively related to parent-adolescent relationship quality. For males, the relationship between difficult temperament and AUD symptoms was mediated by parent-adolescent relationship quality. For females, however, difficult temperament and parent-adolescent relationship quality independently predicted AUD symptoms of adolescents. Results suggest alcohol abuse prevention and treatment programs should consider the role of basic temperament characteristics in pathological drinking and the possibility that parent-adolescent relationship quality may be a key point of intervention. 50 references and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Alcoholism treatment programs; Drug prevention programs; Drug research; Drug treatment programs; Home environment; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug treatment; Juvenile drug use; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence; Pennsylvania
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