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NCJ Number: 187076 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Drug Use and Crime Among Pretrial Felony Defendants: Findings From the Evaluation of Breaking the Cycle
Series: NIJ Research in Progress Seminars
Author(s): Adele Harrell
Date Published: March 15, 2001
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20530
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice
Audiovisual Media Section
950 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Room 1311
Washington, DC 20530
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Film
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This videotape presents an address by Adele Harrell, Director, Justice Policy Center, Urban Institute, on "Reducing Drug Use and Crime Among Pretrial Felony Defendants: Findings From the Evaluation of Breaking the Cycle."
Abstract: Dr. Harrell presents statistics on the Breaking the Cycle (BTC) program in Birmingham, AL. The BTC program was designed to deal with the high crime rates among drug-involved offenders and the increased frequency and severity of their criminal behavior as drug use increased. Dr. Harrell describes requirements for entry into the BTC program and procedures implemented to establish the program in Birmingham. Preliminary findings disclosed that 40 to 50 percent of regular cocaine and heroin users who spent at least 3 months in treatment were almost drug free in the year after treatment regardless of treatment type. Long-term residential treatment resulted in a drop of predatory crime from 41 percent in the year before to 16 percent in the year after treatment. Although findings are preliminary, they are promising, demonstrating that a BTC program provides an alternative to imprisonment, promotes strategic planning and inter-agency cooperation, and can reduce drug use and criminal behavior. Barriers to the program include problems resulting from jail overcrowding, insufficient data exchange, delay in setting up a policy board and inter-agency agreements, and exclusion from the program of probation services. Future BTC programs are planned for Jacksonville, FL, and Tacoma, WA.
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Alabama; Controlled Substances; Crime prevention measures; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment; Drug treatment programs; Interagency cooperation; Program evaluation; Statistics
Note: Videotape introduces the ncj number as 186731 should be ncj number 187076 as printed on video. 44 minutes
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