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NCJ Number: 187127 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Collectivities and Adolescent Violence (From Handbook of Youth and Justice, P 237-264, 2001, Susan O. White, ed -- See NCJ-187115)
Author(s): James F. Short Jr.
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
New York, NY 10013
Sale Source: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
United States of America
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Despite a resurgence of gang research, many questions about youth collectivities and their behavior remain largely unanswered, and factors associated with the emergence and maintenance of gangs and gang violence are considered.
Abstract: Juvenile gangs are defined as groups whose members meet with some regularity, over time, and on the basis of group-defined criteria of membership and organizational characteristics. Several researchers have noted diversity in age and gender relationships among the gangs they have studied. Age grading, however, is not uniform among gangs. Further, the community context of adult-adolescent relationships is critical to understanding violent behavior perpetrated by all types of youth collectivities. The author notes, however, that violent behavior among even the most violent gangs is relatively rare. When violent episodes do occur within or between gangs or when gangs attack others or destroy property, some gang members typically do not participate. Research indicates socialization into violence begins early in the lives of young people in communities where gangs are most commonly found. The author discusses the role of pathology in gangs, group processes associated with gangs, gang fighting and status, gang norms, group cohesiveness, and community and legal responses to gangs. 122 references and 16 endnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Gang violence; Group behavior; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research; Socialization; Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Plenum Series in Crime and Justice
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