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NCJ Number: 187260 Find in a Library
Title: Gang Membership, Race, and Social Class: A Test of the Group Hazard and Master Status Hypotheses
Journal: Deviant Behavior  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:January-February 2001  Pages:73-89
Author(s): David Brownfield; Ann Marie Sorenson; Kevin M. Thompson
Date Published: January 2001
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article considers gang membership, race, and social class in a test of the group hazard and master status hypotheses.
Abstract: The article examines the extent to which gang membership, race, and social class affect a youth's chances of being arrested, independent of self-reported delinquent behavior. The article couples the concepts of group hazard and master status to frame theoretical predictions. The odds of being arrested are roughly similar for gang and nongang members, controlling for the nature and level of self-reported delinquency. While being a gang member does not pose a group hazard to being arrested, a youth's master status based on race and social class is associated with arrest risk. Both being black and lower class increase a youth's odds of being arrested, independent of delinquency. Neither race nor class effects can be accounted for by the frequency with which youth hang out with their best friends. The article provides recommendations for reducing race and class profiling, including: (1) an ethnoracial political and demographic transition; (2) community development of more extensive after school and summer programming for youth; (3) study of police organization and professionalization to determine whether variation in these structures has implications for arrest practices; and (4) identification of law enforcement characteristics that are associated with profiling tendencies. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Community crime prevention programs; Gang member attitudes; Gangs; Police organizational structure; Police policies and procedures; Professionalization; Race-crime relationships; Racial discrimination
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