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NCJ Number: 188008 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Intensive Regimes For Young Offenders
Author(s): David Farrington; Gareth Hancock; Mark Livingston; Kate Painter; Graham Towl
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Sale Source: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
Information and Publications Group
Room 201
50 Queen Anne's Gate
London, SW1H 9AT,
United Kingdom
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper reports on evaluations of British intensive regimes for young offenders at Thorn Cross Young Offender Institution in July 1996 and at Colchester Military Corrective Training Centre in February 1997.
Abstract: The evaluations tested the impact of demanding, highly structured regimes on attitudes, behavior, and recidivism. Findings show that 1 year after discharge, the Thorn Cross experimental group had a significant drop of approximately 10 percent in reconviction rates compared with those in the control group who showed little change. There was no statistically significant difference between the reconviction rates of the two Colchester groups, but given the small number involved, it is difficult to draw conclusions from this. There was little difference between Thorn Cross, Colchester, and control group offenders in terms of their "before and after" performance on a variety of psychological tests; however, the Colchester group had significantly more positive attitudes toward staff and other inmates at the end of sentence and were significantly more hopeful about the future than the control group. A number of small follow-up studies provided some evidence that the Colchester regime was successful in giving offenders a degree of self-confidence. This, in turn, seems to have given them a slight edge over the control group when it came to finding employment and with postrelease experiences in general. The success of the Thorn Cross regime in reducing reconvictions was probably due to its offending-behavior, education, mentoring, and aftercare components, rather than to its drilling and physical training components. The Colchester regime, which emphasized physical activities, was not successful in reducing reconvictions. 2 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional programs
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile Recidivism; Shock incarceration programs
Note: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate Research Findings, No. 121
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