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NCJ Number: 188817 Find in a Library
Title: Changes in Drug Use in Australia and the United States: Results From the 1995 and 1998 National Household Surveys
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:March 2001  Pages:37-48
Author(s): Jane Carlise Maxwell
Date Published: March 2001
Page Count: 12
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines changes in drug use in Australia and the United States, 1995-1998.
Abstract: Comparison of the results of the 1995 and 1998 Australian National Drug Strategy Household Surveys showed a significant increase in use of "any illicit drug." Lifetime use increased 17 percent and past-year use increased 29 percent. Results of the 1995 and 1998 United States National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse showed no significant increase. The conversion or continuation rate in Australia had been rising since 1993; in 1998, 48 percent of all people who had ever tried illicit drugs continued to use them. The conversion rate in the United States held steady in those years at an average of 30 percent. The Australian survey showed use increasing among all age groups, with teenage girls catching up to boys in use of alcohol and drugs. United States teenage girls were also using alcohol at the same rate as boys. Both surveys found increases in inhaling and smoking of heroin by younger people and aging cohorts of drug users. The U.S. survey found conflicting changes over time in perceptions of risk and availability and the Australian survey also presented a mixed message about problematic drugs and the acceptability of their regular use. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Australia; Comparative analysis; Controlled Substances; Juvenile drug use; Male female offender comparisons; Statistics; Underage Drinking; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
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