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NCJ Number: 189440 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice: Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control
Corporate Author: National Research Council
United States of America

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
United States of America
Editor(s): Joan McCord; Cathy Spatz Widom; Nancy A. Crowell
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 406
Sponsoring Agency: Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
Washington, DC 20001
National Academic Press
Washington, DC 20418
National Research Council
Washington, DC 20001
Publication Number: ISBN 0-309-06842-8
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume presents the findings of a National Research Council panel established to review the research findings of the past 2 decades to determine what is known about juvenile delinquency and its prevention, treatment, and control.
Abstract: The analysis focused on the nature and prevalence of juvenile delinquency; juvenile crime trends; juvenile delinquency factors; race, gender, and class bias in the juvenile justice system; and the impacts of deterrence, punishment, and prevention strategies. It also considered current practices of the juvenile justice system, including the implementation of constitutional safeguards; adjudication, detention, and waiver practices; the role of community and institutional settings; the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age; and other issues. The panel concluded that most juveniles break laws through actions such as shoplifting or minor vandalism, but only a small proportion commits serious crimes. A surge in serious juvenile crime rates began in the late 1980’s through the early 1990’s; the juvenile arrest rate began rapidly decreasing in 1994 and by 1999 was back to the rate of the late 1980’s. Approaches that appear successful in reducing juvenile delinquency include multiple components for parents, juveniles, and the setting (school or community) and target multiple behaviors. These programs appeared to be more beneficial than narrowly focused programs. In addition, differences in behavior cannot explain all the minority overrepresentation at all stages of juvenile processing. The panel recommended a reduction in the use of secure detention and secure confinement through the development of community-based alternatives, the evaluation of all publicly funded intervention programs, and discontinuation of funding for programs with limited effectiveness. Additional recommendations included the development of treatments that did not group aggressive or antisocial youth together, additional drug treatment programs, further research, and improved data collection. Figures, tables, footnotes, index, appended methodological information and workshop agendas, and approximately 800 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): Juvenile codes; Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile processing; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile sentencing; Juvenile to adult criminal careers
Note: Prepared by the Committee on Law and Justice and Board on Children, Youth, and Families
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