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NCJ Number: 190015 Find in a Library
Title: Longer Term Effects of Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence (From Domestic Violence in the Lives of Children: The Future of Research, Intervention, and Social Policy, P 35-65, 2001, Sandra A. Graham-Bermann and Jeffrey L. Edleson, eds.--See NCJ-190013)
Author(s): B. B. Robbie Rossman
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Sale Source: American Psychological Assoc
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter considers ways through which witnessing domestic violence can affect a child’s development and notes the need for research that tracks children over time and documents the long-term course of violence exposure and the consequences of violence exposure in the interrelated domains of learning, nurturing, and trauma processes.
Abstract: The analysis focuses on four types of definitions and literatures. These include retrospective accounts of adults experiencing childhood trauma, long-term prospective studies of individuals traumatized as children, short-term prospective studies of children exposed to spousal violence, and studies of exposed children that bear on the accomplishment of developmental tasks. Overall, findings suggest that a central problem is disruption in the development of the affiliative system and internal representations of others when children are exposed to chronic violence and abuse. Findings indicate the need for large prospective studies of children exposed to different levels of adult domestic assault from both families living in the communities, and families in shelters. In addition, a large prospective study of ethnically and socioeconomically diverse community families in which children are studied from birth would be useful. Other research needs include a multidomain developmental assessments of children exposed to severe and repetitive spousal violence, research on the development and validation of instruments to assess which violence-supporting mechanisms are most crucial in different families and how to intervene when single or multiple mechanisms are involved, the development of valid trauma symptom screening devices; and physiologic, cognitive neurological, and imaging studies for children exposed to repetitive and severe parental violence. Finally, earlier prevention and intervention through incorporation of screening and assessment into highly used services may be able to save children and adults years of pain and developmental disappointment. 102 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Children at risk; Children of battered women; Family counseling; Family intervention programs; Home environment; Juvenile counseling; Juvenile social adjustment; Juvenile witnesses; Long term health effects of child abuse; Parent-Child Relations; Psychological victimization effects; Research uses in policymaking
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