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NCJ Number: 190488 Find in a Library
Title: Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders: The Relationship of Delinquency Career Types to Adult Criminality
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:18  Issue:3  Dated:September 2001  Pages:449-478
Author(s): Kimberly Kempf-Leonard; Paul E. Tracy; James C. Howell
Date Published: September 2001
Page Count: 30
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study describes the relationships between serious, violent, and chronic juvenile delinquency and adult criminality using data from the 1958 Philadelphia birth cohort during the 16 years in which these 27,167 individuals were at risk for juvenile delinquency and young adult crime.
Abstract: The participants included 13,160 males and 14,000 females who lived in Philadelphia from ages 10- to 18-years-old. Official records provided information on the offense careers from early onset as juveniles through age 26. The research controlled for differences based on race, gender, and neighborhood social status. Results revealed that belonging to certain delinquency subgroups or following certain pathways increased the likelihood of being arrested in adulthood. Adult offending was reported for 48 percent of the serious delinquents, 52.8 percent of the violent delinquents, 58.5 percent of the chronic delinquents, 62.5 percent of the delinquents with both serious and chronic offending, and 63.1 percent of the violent and chronic delinquents. The effect of career type was as strong for females as for males. The general findings were consistent across demographic criteria, although prevalence differed. Findings indicated the importance to developmental criminology of linking juvenile delinquency career types to adult criminality for policymaking and theory development. Tables, figure, and 69 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile to adult criminal careers
Index Term(s): Correlation of delinquency to adult crime; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile recidivists; Pennsylvania; Violent juvenile offenders
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