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NCJ Number: 191420 Find in a Library
Title: Youth and Violence: Medicine, Nursing, and Public Health: Connecting the Dots To Prevent Violence
Corporate Author: Cmssn for the Prevention of Youth Violence
United States of America
Date Published: December 2000
Page Count: 52
Sponsoring Agency: American Medical Assoc
Chicago, IL 60610
Cmssn for the Prevention of Youth Violence
Sale Source: American Medical Assoc
Publishing Operation Division
515 North State Street
Chicago, IL 60610
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines the extent and causes of juvenile violence and recommends youth violence prevention efforts based on a public health approach.
Abstract: The discussion notes that the rise in levels of fear among children, parents, and public officials regarding youth violence stems from four factors first noted in the adult population: (1) an increase in mass murders and suicides, (2) increased lethality of firearms and ammunition, (3) more random violence, and (4) fewer safe places. The public health perspective regards youth violence as a social problem that can be prevented using the same rational approach that has affected other public health challenges. The six core elements of the public health model are community-based methods, epidemiological data and analyses, ongoing surveillance and tracking, community-based interventions based on scientific analysis, evaluation and monitoring of interventions, and public education to share information. Single-focus interventions are unlikely to be effective. The Department of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have endorsed 10 youth violence prevention and intervention programs, collectively known as Blueprints. Priorities for preventing youth violence should include supporting the development of healthy families, promoting healthy communities, enhancing services for early identification and intervention for those at risk, and increasing access to health and mental health services. Additional priorities should include reducing access to and risk from firearms for children and youth, reducing exposure to media violence, and ensuring national support and advocacy for solutions to violence. Finally, health professionals, schools, business and civic leaders, law enforcement and the justice community, the media, families, faith-based organizations, legislators, and youth can all take specific actions to help prevent and address youth violence. Lists of information sources, biographies of members of the group that produced the report, and 44 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Child development; Community support; Family support; Interagency cooperation; Juvenile delinquency factors; Parental influence; Peer influences on behavior; School delinquency programs; Violence causes; Violence prevention; Youth development
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