skip navigation

LIBRARY

Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 191650 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Situations of Violence in the Lives of Girl Gang Members
Journal: Health Care for Women International  Volume:22  Issue:4  Dated:2001  Pages:363-384
Author(s): Geoffrey Hunt; Karen Joe-Laidler
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: R01-AA10819
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drawing from qualitative and quantitative data of a comparative study on ethnic youth gangs in the San Francisco Bay area, this paper examines the role of violence in the lives of female gang members.
Abstract: Even though the area of women and violence has become a topic of growing concern over the last decade, a significant gap has existed in understanding the role of young women in gangs, including the nature and extent of female gang members' victimization and the extent of their involvement in perpetrating violence. To challenge recent portrayals of the characterization of female gang members, this paper examined the violence-prone situations in which these young women operate and exist in. The data for this analysis was acquired from a long-term comparative ethnographic study of ethnic gangs in the San Francisco Bay area which began in 1991 and is ongoing. One hundred and forty-one women from 44 different gangs were involved in the study. Three domains of violence were identified and discussed as existing in the lives of girl gang members: the street, the family, and relationships with boyfriends. Results indicated that girl gang members experience an extensive amount of violence in their lives whether on the streets, in their family lives, or in their relationships with their boyfriends and lovers. They experienced violence, not only as victims but they also act as instigators of the violence. They, on some occasions, were neither victims nor instigators but witnesses. And, when the impact of social organization and violence in the gang were considered, it was found that the women in auxiliary gangs were more subject to violence-prone situations than those in an independent gang. In summation, young women did not seek out violent encounters, what they sought was a place at home, on the street, and in a marginalized community that might have pushed them to resort to violence to protect themselves. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Female gangs; Female juvenile delinquents; Female victims; Gang violence; Gangs; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Victimization; Victims of gangs; Violent females; Violent women; Youth groups
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=191650

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.