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NCJ Number: 193334 Find in a Library
Title: Rise in Human Trafficking and the Role of Organized Crime
Author(s): Sally W. Stoecker Ph.D.
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: American University
Washington, DC 20016
Sale Source: American University
4400 Massachusetts Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the characteristics and methods of organized criminal groups in the trafficking of women and children from their home countries abroad for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labor and then discusses strategies for countering such trafficking.
Abstract: Some estimates put the total number of women and children transported from their homes and sold into slavery throughout the world at approximately 1 million per year. At least four factors are facilitating the increase of this phenomenon: the globalization of the economy, the increased demand for personal services in the developed world, the continuing increase in unemployment among women, and the rapid and unregulated enticement and movement of human capital via the Internet. The author presents the Russian Federation as a case study of these larger global trends. Currently, the market for Slavic women and children in the "developed" countries of North America, Europe, and North Asia is among the largest and is drawing on a vast supply of impoverished and vulnerable citizens of the former Soviet Union. In considering the case of the Russian Federation, attention is given to the social costs of economic transition, deceptive recruitment and procurement, and routes through penetrable national borders. Combating human trafficking effectively requires a comprehensive, transnational strategy. Such a strategy should involve methods for preventing women and children from being drawn into these criminal schemes, investigating and prosecuting the crimes effectively, and protecting the victims of these crimes, who often end up in foreign countries as illegal aliens without rights. 52 notes
Main Term(s): International crime statistics
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Child victims; Female victims; International cooperation; Organized crime; Organized crime causes; Russian Federation; Sex offenses; Smuggling/Trafficking
Note: Downloaded February 21, 2002.
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