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NCJ Number: 194204 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Disproportionate Minority Confinement: The Multnomah County, Oregon Success Story and its Implications
Corporate Author: Justice Policy Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Justice Policy Institute
Washington, DC 20005
Sale Source: Justice Policy Institute
1012 14th Street, NW Suite 400
Washington, DC 20005
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.cjcj.org 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document focuses on an effort to reduce juvenile detention in Multnomah County, Oregon.
Abstract: Eighty percent of the increase in youth being detained during the years 1983 through 1997 was minority youth. Any strategy designed to reduce the number of young people detained must address race, and the “race effect” that researchers say follow racial and ethnic minorities as they travel through the justice system. In Multnomah County, Oregon, the number of youth admitted to detention dropped by half for all youth, and by half for both African American and Hispanic youth. Three factors contributed to Multnomah County’s successful efforts to reduce racial disparities in detention utilization. The first was the development of alternatives to detention, including shelter care, foster homes, home detention, and a day reporting center. The second was training sessions addressing and raising awareness about overrepresentation. The third was the design and implementation of a risk assessment instrument (RAI) to guide admission decisions. The objective was not to eliminate the use of detention, but to make sure the right juveniles were detained. The RAI was developed to evaluate its individual elements through the lens of race. The creation of a new detention intake team was critical to successful implementation of the RAI. The team consisted of six to seven intake workers overseen by a pretrial placement coordinator (PPC). Another key detention reform strategy was the development of a new system for dealing with the 20 to 30 percent of admissions that were probation violators. A sanctions grid was developed and implemented with a range of sanctions including warnings, community service, or re-admission to the detention system. Officers could choose among the specific options, but they could not go outside the grid’s ranges. The new sanctions grid immediately reduced the detention population. The probation staff was diversified to make the department look like the community. 3 figures, 17 endnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile detention reform; Minorities
Index Term(s): Ethnic groups; Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile detention; Juvenile detention decisionmaking; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile processing
Note: Downloaded January 30, 2002
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=194204

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