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NCJ Number: 194768 Find in a Library
Title: Exposure to Abuse, Neglect, and Household Dysfunction among Adults Who Witnessed Intimate Partner Violence as Children: Implications for Health and Social Services
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:February 2002  Pages:3-17
Author(s): Shanta R. Dube; Robert F. Anda; Vincent J. Felitti; Valerie J. Edwards; David F. Williamson
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This retrospective study looked at how intimate partner violence (IPV) damages a woman's physical and mental well-being and the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) children suffer who witness IPV.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between witnessing IPV and the likelihood of experiencing ACEs in the first 18 years of life. The nine ACEs studied were verbal abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, household substance abuse, mental illness in the household, parental separation or divorce, and incarcerated household members. The relationship between the frequency of witnessing IPV and the risk of substance abuse as an adult was also studied. Seventeen thousand three hundred and thirty seven (17,337) subjects comprised of 54 percent percent women and 46 percent men completed a comprehensive questionnaire about ACE, domestic violence, and substance abuse in their family and health related behaviors. The mean age was 55 for women and 58 for men. The results confirmed previous research: children whose mothers experienced IPV were more likely to suffer ACEs than children who are not exposed to IPV in the first 18 years of life. Moreover, as more ACEs were experienced, physical abuse increased the likelihood that these children would engage in physical abuse towards their partners later in life. Results also showed the more IPV a child witnessed, the greater the likelihood of substance abuse and depression later in life. The researchers caution more research is needed to know if witnessing IPV causes ACEs. Health care professionals need to screen for IPV and if found, screen the children of victims as well as integrate social services into the treatment of patients. Figures, tables, references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Adolescent abuse; Alcohol abuse; Child abuse; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Children of incarcerated offenders; Domestic relations; Family histories; Socially approved violence; Violent men; Violent women
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