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NCJ Number: 194870 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence of DSM-IV Alcohol Diagnoses and Symptoms in Adolescent Community and Clinical Samples
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:41  Issue:5  Dated:May 2002  Pages:546-554
Author(s): Tammy Chung Ph.D.; Christopher S. Martin Ph.D.; Tonya D. Armstrong Ph.D.; Erich W. Labouvie Ph.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: T32 AA07453; K01 AA00324; K02 AA00249; DA 11015; DA 09842;
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined cross-study consistency in the relative prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol symptoms, the ratio of alcohol abuse to dependence diagnoses, the prevalence of the physiological dependence subtype, and the proportion of subthreshold cases of dependence.
Abstract: DSM-IV alcohol diagnosis and symptom prevalence data were obtained from five community and four clinical adolescent samples. All of the studies used retrospective self-reports of alcohol-related problems that may be subject to bias. There was a moderate level of cross-study agreement on the relative prevalence of alcohol symptoms. The most common symptoms were dependence criteria -- tolerance and drinking more or longer than intended. These high prevalence symptoms affected the ratio of abuse to dependence diagnoses in some studies, the prevalence of the physiological dependence subtype, and the proportion of subthreshold cases of dependence. The study observed that the conceptual and empirical relationships between DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence diagnoses remain controversial. The conceptual work needed to better delineate the content and boundaries of diagnoses of alcohol abuse and dependence depends on future research that focuses on improved measurement of alcohol-related symptoms. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcoholism; Citizen crime tolerance; Drug dependence; Psychological evaluation; Psychological research; Self-report studies; Testing and measurement
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