skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 195551 Find in a Library
Title: Preliminary Evaluation of a Program to Help Educators Address the Substance Use/Prevention Needs to Special Students
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:46  Issue:1  Dated:Fall 2000  Pages:14-26
Author(s): Jacques Demers R.N.; Deanne C. French Ph.D.; Dennis Moore Ed.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 13
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This pilot study evaluated a substance abuse prevention education program targeted toward the needs of students in special education.
Abstract: Research has demonstrated that youth with disabilities often use alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD) at the same or higher rates as their non-disabled peers. There are few appropriate education interventions for youth with disabilities and a relative lack of specific skills by teachers to address substance abuse prevention and treatment. The Prevention Works! All of us together! Learning to care! Special modifications! or PALS Program is concerned with teaching adults who deal with children with different learning styles to expand their personal definitions of prevention so they can adapt existing anti-drug and anti-violence messages for these children. During the pilot test, all special education personnel in the experimental schools attended a daylong training session provided by PALS staff. Six high schools in the Dayton, Ohio area were identified. Students in the experimental group received specific lessons from their teachers that dealt with substance abuse prevention issues. Students in the control group received no PALS-related instruction from their teacher or the PALS staff. Results indicate that the use of ATOD by special education students appears to start later than use by general education students. By the end of high school these students are using ATOD at a comparable, or in some cases, higher rate than their non-special education peers. Teachers who received the PALS training felt more equipped to do this type of adaptation, and based on the results of this study, appeared to put what they had learned to use in their classrooms. Although students in the experimental setting recognized the added emphasis their teachers were placing on ATOD-related prevention activities/materials, those improvements were not significantly greater than the changes in criterion attitudes and behaviors observed for the control subjects. One possible explanation for this is that the pilot test was undertaken over too short a period of time. Future research should attempt to reach students at younger ages. 1 figure, 4 tables, 12 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Special needs children
Index Term(s): Educational reform; Ex-offenders rights; Juvenile drug treatment; Juvenile educational services; Persons with physical disabilities; Underage Drinking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.