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NCJ Number: 196423 Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Case Processing in the Juvenile Justice System
Journal: Corrections Forum  Volume:11  Issue:4  Dated:July/August 2002  Pages:58,60,62
Author(s): Joseph N. Coffee; Scott Pestridge
Date Published: July 2002
Page Count: 3
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article provides an overview of the general features of delinquency case processing in a juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Juveniles alleged to have violated a law generally enter the juvenile justice system through police action; however, each State's processing of juvenile arrestees is unique; and even within States, case processing often varies from community to community. In many jurisdictions, police agencies are authorized to divert many juvenile offenders from formal processing in the juvenile justice system. Most juvenile court cases are referred by police, with such referrals accounting for 85 percent of all delinquency cases referred to juvenile court in 1992. During the processing of a case, a juvenile may be held in a secure detention facility if the court believes such detention is in the best interest of the community or the juvenile. Prosecutors may file a case in either juvenile or criminal court. In many States prosecutors are required by law to file certain (generally serious) cases involving juveniles in the criminal court. Also, intake staff may ask the juvenile court to transfer a case to criminal court. Between the adjudication decision and the disposition hearing, an investigation report is prepared by probation staff. Most juvenile dispositions are multifaceted. A probation order, for example, may include additional requirements such as drug counseling, weekend confinement in the local detention center, and community or victim restitution. The judge may order the juvenile committed to a residential placement. The facility may be publicly or privately operated and may have a secure prison-like environment or a more open, even home-like setting. Following release from a residential facility, juvenile aftercare provisions are similar to those of adult parole. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act discourages the holding of juvenile status offenders in secure juvenile facilities, either for detention or placement, except under special, prescribed circumstances.
Main Term(s): Juvenile processing
Index Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile status offenders
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