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NCJ Number: 197345 Find in a Library
Title: Standards for Improving Research Effectiveness in Adult and Juvenile Justice
Author(s): Robert Barnoski
Corporate Author: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
United States of America
Date Published: December 1997
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
Publication Number: 97-12-1201
Sale Source: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
110 Fifth Avenue Southeast
Suite 214
P.O. Box 40999
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report discusses a proposal, made by the Washington State Institute for Public Policy, for a common definition for recidivism and for development of standards for measuring the effectiveness of programs funded by the Community Juvenile Accountability Act, with the goal to improve the analysis, evaluation, and forecasting of sentencing and treatment alternatives in adult and juvenile justice.
Abstract: This report incorporates both the rationale and the descriptive detail behind the Institute's recommendations contained in a study conducted in 1997 for the Washington State Legislature. A common definition for recidivism was devised as a standard for measuring program success. Guidelines for research were created with the understanding that deviation may be required in particular situations. Two categories of recidivism are discussed: post-adjudication criminal behavior, defined as occurring while the offender is under confinement; and/or after the completion of a confinement order or a community supervision order has been given. Additional events of recidivism are discussed as they relate to out-of-State sources, and it is noted that arrests are to be reported separately from convictions as they do not represent a guilty determination by a court. Categories of recidivism offenses are identified, and recidivism timing and measurement standards are discussed. Effective cost-effective measurement of recidivism is reviewed, with the costly lack of common identifiers due to the inability to trace individuals across systems being noted. Standards for measuring the effectiveness of Community Juvenile Accountability Act Programs includes a discussion of legislative direction. The key elements of evaluation standards, including research design, program eligibility, sample size, program implementation integrity, and program effectiveness/effect size are covered in this article. Success factors and outcome measures are reviewed including the subjects of subsequent convictions and arrests, violations of community supervision teams, restitution to victims, and continued use of alcohol or controlled substances. Additional outcome standards reviewed include program costs, program implementation integrity, program intensity, completion of court-ordered fines, completion of court-ordered hours of community service, and changes in risk and protective factors.
Main Term(s): Evaluation techniques; Juvenile justice research; Juvenile Recidivism
Index Term(s): Evaluation utilization; Juvenile delinquency research; Recidivism; Research design
Note: Downloaded October 22, 2002.
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