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NCJ Number: 197629 Find in a Library
Title: Restorative Juvenile Justice in the States: A National Assessment of Policy Development and Implementation
Author(s): Gordon Bazemore Ph.D.; Mark Umbreit Ph.D.; Sandra Pavelka O'Brien Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Florida Atlantic University
Community Justice Institute
United States of America
Date Published: October 2000
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Atlantic University
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 95-JN-FX-0024
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Monograph
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document provides an exploratory study of restorative justice in juvenile and adult justice systems in the United States.
Abstract: Balanced and restorative justice, a new framework for juvenile justice reform, seeks to engage citizens and community groups both as clients and resources in a more effective response to youth crime. The approach attempts to ensure that juvenile justice intervention is focused on basic community needs and expectations. Balance is achieved when there is improved public safety, sanctioned juvenile crime, and rehabilitated offenders are reintegrated. Restorative justice emphasizes that crime damages people, communities, and relationships. Sanctioning practices include victim-offender mediation and various community decision-making or conferencing processes. A national telephone survey of restorative justice professionals was conducted. Results showed that virtually every State was implementing some aspect of the restorative justice principles at various levels and in its programs and policies. A majority of the States had crafted or revised their statutes and codes to reflect restorative justice principles and had encouraged their use in the juvenile justice system. Restorative justice reform efforts involve a number of major stakeholders both within and outside of government and often necessitate a significant role to be played by a reform initiator. Under a different approach to reform, the stakeholders are primarily governmentally related and roles are tied to traditional hierarchical and bureaucratic structures and processes. Interview respondents expressed multiple impressions of what constitutes a restorative justice program. Funding and resource availability played a mixed role in restorative justice implementation. 4 figures, 7 tables, 16 footnotes, 27 references, 2 appendices
Main Term(s): Juvenile restitution; Surveys
Index Term(s): Community service programs; Intermediate sanctions; Restitution; Sentencing factors; Victim compensation; Victim prosecution of offender
Note: Balanced and Restorative Justice Monograph
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