skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 197961 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts: Survey Of 40 Counties, 1998
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): Gerard A. Rainville; Steven K. Smith
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: May 2003
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Survey
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report discusses the increase in violent juvenile crime experienced during the early and mid-1990's, which prompted States to modify the way their justice systems handle juvenile offenders.
Abstract: Many States expanded the procedures by which juveniles could be prosecuted in adult court. This report, using a unique dataset from 40 urban counties, describes the characteristics of more than 7,000 juveniles charged with felonies in State courts. The findings indicated that prosecution of juveniles in criminal court is generally reserved for those charged with the quite serious crimes of murder, robbery, and aggravated assault. These juveniles were much more likely than their adult counterparts in criminal court to have been charged with a violent crime. Highlights include the following: in 1998 in 40 of the largest urban counties, approximately 7,100 juvenile felony defendants were adjudicated in adult criminal court; of the 7,135 juvenile felony defendants, 62 percent were Black, 20 percent were White, 96 percent were male, and at the time of arrest 55 percent were within 1 year of adulthood as defined by their State; and in criminal court juveniles (64 percent) were more likely than adults (24 percent) to be charged with a violent felony.
Main Term(s): Juvenile court waiver
Index Term(s): Adult felony system; Court statistics; Serious juvenile offenders; Violent crimes; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.